РЕСПУБЛИКАНСКАЯ АССОЦИАЦИЯ ГОРНОДОБЫВАЮЩИХ И ГОРНО-МЕТАЛЛУРГИЧЕСКИХ ПРЕДПРИЯТИЙ

About Kazakhstan MMC

The mining and metallurgical sector is one of the most competitive and dynamically developing industries of Kazakhstan. Almost 164.5 thousand people of key professions are engaged therein. Kazakhstan holds 30% of world resources of chromium ore, 25% of manganese ore and 10% of iron ore. Copper, lead and zinc resources constitute 10% and 13% of the world reserves, respectively. The total geological resources and predicted resources of coals in the Republic of Kazakhstan are estimated to be 150 billion tons. Thus, Kazakhstan holds the first place in the world according to explored reserves of zinc, wolfram and barite, second place according to its reserves of silver, zinc, chromites and uranium, third place for copper, fourth place for molybdenum, fifth place for cobalt, sixth place of gold and coal and eighth place for gold. Out of 105 elements of Mendeleev’s Table, 99 elements have been discovered in subsoil of Kazakhstan, 70 elements have been explored and over 60 elements have been involved in production. 

Main Mineral Resources of Kazakhstan

Type of Mineral Resources

On-Balance Reserves (tons)

World Place (according to reserves)

World Place (according to content in ore)

Iron ore

18 600 000 000

6

7

Manganese ore

635 200 000

4

10

Chromium ore

382 700 000

2

1

Bauxites

365 400 000

12

н/д

Lead

17 200 000

5

41

Zinc

39 800 000

5

40

Copper

39 300 000

12

63

Titanium

24 100 000

10

15

Wolfram

2 100 000

1

25

Gold

2 232,6

15

2

Silver

53 204

4

31

Tin

69 300

10

23

Uranium

1 600 000

2

н/д

Hard coal

150 000 000 000

8

н/д

The Republic is on the 13th place in the world among 70 mining states according to its production of solid mineral resources.

In the nearest future, the sector shall aim at stage-by-stage creation of new manufacturing in the metallurgical industry, production of high value-added products ensuring both, growth of output of high-technology products and expansion of its export to foreign markets and meeting of domestic needs.

In 2012, Kazakhstan MMC product output exceeded 2,817 billion KZT which is equivalent to 9.4% of the republican GDP. In this respect, the cost of products produced by the metallurgical sector constituted 1,935 billion KZT while the products of the mining industry in 2012 are estimated as 882 billion KZT.

Based on 2012, 36.8 percent of the product volume produced in the whole manufacturing industry of the country fell on the metallurgical sector. 

An increase in the MMC production rate in Kazakhstan has been recently ensured by construction of new plants, growing capacities of operating enterprises and their reconstruction. For 2005 – 2011, the MMC overall investment volume constituted 2,026 billion KZT out of which 788 billion KZT was spent as investments related to non-ferrous metal ore production, 197 billion KZT for iron ore production, 362 billion KZT for ferrous metal production and 679 billion KZT for non-ferrous and noble metals.

In 2012 Kazakhstan produced 52,577 thousand tons of iron ore (+1.5% as compared to 2011), 38,353 thousand tons of copper ore (+11.2%), 4,806 thousand tons of copper-zinc ore (-1%), 5,170 thousand tons of bauxites (-5.9%), 2,942 thousand tons of manganese ore (-0.2%) and 5,233 thousand tons of chromium ore (+3.4%). The hard coal production volume in the Republic in 2012 constituted 107,253.7 thousand tons while brown coal was produced for 7,715.4 thousand tons.

Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metal Ore Production Volumes (in thousand tons)

Source: Agency of Statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan

According to the RoK Agency of Statistics, the ferrous alloy production in Kazakhstan in 2012 constituted 1,724 million tons (+3.3% as compared to 2011) out of which 1,305,566 tons of ferrochrome, 492 tons of ferrosilicon, 251,445 tons of ferrosilicon manganese and 164,854 tons of ferrochrome silicon. The crude steel production in the RoK in 2012 constituted 3.770 million tons (-21.6% as compared to 2011); in this respect, 2,373 thousand tons of flat-rolled products, 464,046 tons of galvanized steel sheets and 147,383 tons of tinned plate and tinned steel sheets and flat tin-coated steel.

In 2012 Kazakhstani enterprises producing non-ferrous and noble metals produced 958.4 tons of refined silver, 21.1 tons of refined gold, 250,269 tons of primary aluminum, 319,847 tons of zinc and 366,482 tons of refined copper.

Index of Physical Volume of Production by Economic Activities (in % to the previous year)

Type of Economic Activity

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Mining industry and quarry operations

107,3

103,6

105,9

107,2

107,2

101,3

100,2

Coal and lignite production

111,2

96,1

120,0

90,8

104,4

106,0

101,7

Iron ore production

111,5

105,0

87,6

100,1

113,4

101,7

100,9

Non-ferrous metal ore production

109,0

106,2

108,4

107,3

105,7

99,9

106,1

Manufacturing

107,2

108,6

97,5

97,1

113,9

106,2

100,7

Ferrous metallurgy

101,5

113,0

86,6

101,6

109,4

105,6

88,0

Production of primary noble and non-ferrous metals

107,2

99,6

104,5

92,0

115,7

107,2

106,9

Production of finished metal products, except for machinery and equipment

132,0

134,7

93,3

102,4

98,2

112,2

97,8

Source: Agency of Statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Today, the mining and metallurgical complex of Kazakhstan is oriented at export of raw materials and primary metals. For example, the metallurgy percentage in the total export volume of the country in 2012 constituted 11.9 percent of the total export volume. Below are listed the main MMC exported products and countries importing such products.

Main Export Areas for Kazakhstan MMC Products

Product Type

Primary Importing Country

Coal

Russia

Iron ore and pellets

Russia

Alumina (aluminum oxide)

Russia

Aluminum

Russia, China

Ferrous alloys

China, Russia, Germany, Japan, South Korea

Zinc

China, Italy, the Netherlands

Lead

Switzerland, Spain

Copper

КChina, Great Britain

Gold

Switzerland, Italy, UAE

Silver

Great Britain, Germany, Switzerland

Rare and rare-earth metals

USA, Japan, the Netherlands, South Korea, Russia

Source: according to the Customs Committee of the RoK Ministry of Finance

As of January 1, 2013, the metallurgical sector of Kazakhstan includes 62 operating enterprises. In this respect, according to the Committee of Geology under the RoK Ministry of Industry and New Technologies, there are 1,115 subsoil users of common mineral resources, 241 subsoil users of solid mineral resources and 158 subsoil users abstracting ground waters registered in the Republic.

The largest MMC enterprises of Kazakhstan are:

ENRC is one of the world leading group in the sector of production and processing of mineral resources with integrated production, processing, energy and logistics enterprises.

Corporation Kazakhmys LLP is a fully integrated company whose activity covers all stages from ore production to commercial metal manufacturing. The primary company activity is copper production and sale. The copper production division also produces large volumes of other metals as by-products, such as zinc, silver and gold.

Kazzinc LLP is a large-scale integrated zinc producer with a significant percentage of concurrent production of copper, precious metals and lead.

ArcelorMittal Temirtau JSC is the largest enterprise in the mining and metallurgical sector of the Republic of Kazakhstan that is an integrated mining and metallurgical complex with its own coal, iron ore and source of power supply.

NAC Kazatomprom JSC is a national operator of Kazakhstan for export of uranium and its compounds, rare metals, nuclear fuel for nuclear generating stations, special equipment, technologies and dual-use materials.

Bogatyr Komir LLP is the largest dynamically developing company in Kazakhstan for open coal production. The Company covers 70% of the total coal produced in Ekibastuz coal basin.

Other large metallurgical enterprises of the Republic include Ust-Kamenogorsk Titanium-Magnum Integrated Plant JSC, Temirtau Electrometallurgical Integrated Plant LLP, Taraz Metallurgical Integrated Plant LLP, KSPSteel LLP and others.

Яндекс.Метрика